Aslar Language

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The standard dialect of Aslar's official language has four vowels: A, I, O and U (in some dialects, E, I, Ö and Ü).

It has the following consonants and semivowels: B, D, G, Z, L, R, P, T, K, S, J (dj), C (tch), H (kh), GH (voiced variant of H), ZH, SH, M, NG, TH (thick), DH (though), Y and ' (a glottal stop).

The following consonant clusters appear within words but never at the beginning or end: PL, TL, KL, SL, CL, HL, SHL, THL; BR, DR, GR, ZR, JR, GHR, ZHR, DHR.

The Rules

These rules are really only important if you want to make up your own words, but they also apply in interesting ways to how foreign place names enter the language. The language of Aslar is inflected, having several case endings.

Endings

-t, -it = possessive (genitive case). 'Aslarit = of Aslar, Aslar's. 'Aluriyat = of Elluria.

-k, -ik = direct object (accusative case). I give the ball to the dog.

-sh, -ish = indirect object (dative case). I give the ball to the dog.

-ng, -ing = ablative case. I take the ball from the dog. 'Aslaring = from Aslar.

-m, -im = prepositional case. Used whenever a noun follows a preposition. For coming up with personal and place names, -t/-it and -ng/-ing are the most important of these endings. For last names, -tabus/-itabus is the equivalent of -son.

Adjectives

Adjectives precede nouns and take the regular ending -i (adverbs take the ending -iyi). So if you want to create a name for a person or place along the lines of "Tall Tower" or "Big Knife," simply run the two words together, with the -i in between. [Examples: Dhaslibijra (Old-father),Gangi'atha (Big-village), La'ibash (Bright-sword) etc.]

To turn an adjective into a noun (e.g. "the tall one," "the beautiful one") simply add the ending -l. [Examples: Detlil (the small one), Sighril (the young/new one).]

Mini-Dictionary

Mini-Vocabulary gangi, big. detli, small. ledhri, good. sozri, bad. sighri, young/new. dhasli, old. tidhri, beautiful. zhaghi, ugly. zigri, strong. ngakli, tall. cizri, short. mu'i, warm. do'i, cold. likli, white. hushli, black. dashli, red. zhuri, high. dholi, low. sha'i, swift. kari, dark. la'i, bright. mari, clear. thahi, colorful. tashli, dizzy. lithi, long. Places -- kish, town. 'atha, village. tath, castle. rak, house. bagh, meadow. tatla, field. dhash, river. minga, stream. cu'a, stone. 'ajra, palace, mansion. tur, gate. dar, path/road. tish, market. Family -- 'abus, son. 'adhas, daughter. bijra, father. dhajra, mother. sirip, brother. sarath, sister. Creatures -- 'ithla, human. hadh, elf. cizril, dwarf. ngaklil, giant. loshlo, wolf. dashuk, dragon. muzh, griffon. dhakus, bear. thara, falcon. gisha, eagle. 'okla, dog. shu'a, cat. zhaslu, snake. dinga, horse. The body -- kadhru, head. shul, hand. shogha, arm. sizhra, eye. talu, mouth. ya'im, nose. gith, leg. ghor, foot. dasha, heart. dush, blood. ha'u, beard. sadha, hair. zhir, horn. nara, wing. ngu'a, tongue. Weaponry -- bash, sword. huth, dagger. hagrus, axe. hi'as, arrow. Other -- hush, night. lik, day. ralas, rali, silver. hingas, hingi, gold, golden. 'ira, tree. 'angu, sun. da'u, moon. loth, star. tha'il, snow [tha'i, frozen]. 'ashu, wind. lath, rain. hal, water. lak, fire. 'iko, air. ngu'a, dirt. 'igi, one. Derivative words -- maricu'a, crystal [mari-cu'a]. 'igizhir, unicorn ['igi-zhir]. naradinga, pegasus [nara-dinga]. halidra, fountain [from hal]. thahidra, color [from thahi].