The common Korthai language. combines phrases and concepts from several languages, attributed to the high degree of cultural intermixing.
1 = natt
2 = datt
3 = khatt
4 = komma
5 = gemma
6 = temma
7 = dakka
8 = konn
9 = latann
10 = tatt
Various suffixes can be added to a root verb to form to make nouns, adjectives, and participles.
Paradigm: kokh- = to see.
-al = nomen agentis, someone who does something. kokhal = the seer.
-lash = negative form of the above, someone who does not do something. kokhlash = the non-seer.
-az = someone to whom something is being done. kokhaz = the one who is seen.
-sash = negative form of the above, someone to whom something is not done. kokhsash = the one who is unseen.
The following, when used as adjectives, take the ending -o; as substantives, they take no ending.
-alg = active participle. kokhalg = [the] seeing [person].
-laksh = negative form of the above. kokhlaksh = [the] unseeing [person]
-azg = passive participle. kokhazg = [the] seen [person].
-saksh = negative form of the above. kokhsaksh = [the] unseen [perso]
-onn = able to do something. kokhonn = 'able to see'
-mash = unable to do something. kokhmash = 'unable to see,' 'blind'
-alann = able to have something done to it. kokhalann = 'able to be seen, visible'
-lamash = unable to have something done to it. kokhlamash = 'unable to be seen, invisible.'
-yat = abstract noun. kokhyat = 'sight,' a 'vision' or 'image'
-alyat = the act of doing something. kokhalyat = 'the act of seeing' -- etc.
-mat = ability to do something. kokhmat = 'vision,' 'ability to see'
-mashet = inability to do something. kokhmashet = 'inability to see,' 'blindness'
Gender-based suffixes: -id (male) and -enn (female).
Paradigm: khonn, a type of ship. (Note that -nn changes to -mm- before a vowel, Y excluded.) khommai, ships.
khonn-va, 'of the ship'
khommai-va, 'of the ships'
khonn-valt, something which is of the ship.
khonn-te, 'to the ship' [the ending -te may be related to the Assi vocative case]
khommai-te, 'to the ships'
khonn-shi, 'from the ship'
khommai-shi, 'from the ships'
khonnshilt, something which is from the ship
khonn-la, 'the place of the ships' or 'shipdom' or 'the world navigable by sea.'
khonn-ya, 'the group of ships' or 'navy'
These endings can combine with the above in various ways, e.g.:
kokhazva = 'of the person who is seen'
kokhalte = 'to the seer'
Kokhalannya = 'the realm of the invisible'
kokhalann khommai = 'the invisible ships'
kokhalva khonn = 'the seer's ship'
balatt = serpent, snake
banto = new
bel = to rain
belann = a cloud
benno = short
berash = a cow (term of insult) (cf. Assi boishai, Old Arangothian barra)
dado = green
dar = to travel by ship
daral* = a sailor
dakka = seven
dalann = a woman
dalo = bright
dann = a sail
darm = a head
datt = two
daz = saltwater
dazla* = the Sea
dekh = to navigate a ship
deld = a swan
desh = a kind of fish
dev = land
devshilt* = a landlubber
galo = tall, long
gann = a leg
gashatt = to look for (cf. Assi agahai, 'to hunt')
gatann = the prow of a ship
gatt = to walk; to go (cf. Assi agai, 'to go,' egaite, 'to walk')
gedd = drinkable water
gel = the sun
gelid = a man (archaic *dalid)
gemma = five
geshekh = to watch, oversee (cf. Assi agahi)
gurann = a storm
guranno* = angry
gurannoyat* = anger
jor = yes, affirmitive
julahn = the ritual of creating special works during the Kesset Korthai
kadd = a type of boat
kakk = a wall; the side of a ship; a hull
kakkshilt* = a barnacle
karo = dark
karoyat* = darkness
kato = strong
katoyat* = strength
kelo = good
keloyat* = goodness
kekor = the captain of a ship (cf. Assi ceicoi, 'warrior of high rank'; caicon, 'male war leader')
kesset = a ceremony (cf. Assi ceesai, 'a celebration')
khad = the moon
khanor = cloth
khatt = three
kherm = a hand
khol = an eye
khonn = a type of ship
kimma = four
kisho = white
kokh = to see
kokhalid = the (male) seer.
kokhalenn = the (female) seer.
konn = eight
Korthai = the self-designation of this race of seafarers. (cf. Assi coite, 'man')
Korthla = the collectivity of places inhabited by the Korthai, as a geographical expression.
Korthya = the Korthai in general, Korthaidom.
Korthyava = of the Korthai in general, 'Korthaian'
Korthyate = 'to the Korthai'
Korthyashi = 'from the Korthai'
Korthyava khommai = the Korthai ships
Korthid = a male Korthai, plural Korthidai.
Korthenn = a female Korthai, plural Korthemmai.
koyann = shark
lak = wine
lako* = sweet (like wine)
lal = no, negative
lalo = bad, evil
laloyat* = evil (noun)
lant = an elder
lanto* = old
lantya* = the body of elders, council, etc.
larth = to land a ship
larthla* = a dock or dockyard
latann = nine
lath = the sky
lathshilt* = a star
makh = an arm
masett = to attack (cf. Assi amsei, 'to act (upon)')
meredd = to kill (cf. Assi imeirith, 'to wound, damage')
meredeld* = a weapon
mestev = to come (cf. Assi emeiste)
murann = to die (cf. Assi amormi)
nak = a whale
nakh = the hold of a ship
nard = someone who is not Korthai
nardya* = the non-Korthai world
narm = beer
naro = bad, lousy, unskilled
narth = an oar
natt = one
nedd = to fly (cf. Assi ineith, 'to fly')
neddal* = a bird
nesho = black
neth = a type of ship
nett = to stop (cf. Assi anei, 'to stop')
nettal* = an anchor
nettla* = a port-city
nott = the keel
sanor = hardtack (cf. Assi sainoi, 'bread')
sasheld = overcoat (cf. Assi saihalt, 'clothing, usualy made from wool')
shekh = alarm, danger
shett = a mast (cf. Assi aite, 'tree')
shetez = to flee, to escape (cf. Assi aitesi, 'to run')
tar = to give (cf. Assi ati)
tashett = a face
tatann = the deck of a ship; a floor
tatt = ten
teld = a seagull
temma = six
tisho = cold
tivar = to take (cf. Assi atui, 'to take')
tivaraz* = to be taken, i.e., adopted into Korthai society
tivarazg* = one who has been adopted by the Korthai
tivarazyat* = the act of being adopted into Korthai society
vak = blood
vakshilt* = a native-born Korthai
vako* = red
varo = young
vaz = to do battle (cf. Assi avasi, 'to fight')
vazal* = a warrior
vazald* = a warship
vazalya* = an army
vazyatva* = military
ventev = an island (cf. Assi uimte, 'stone, earth, soil')
ventevshilt* = an islander