Rondissian Language

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Akman

Akman is the official language of Rondis, spoken by the Rondissian people.

Each noun in Akman consists of a root and a classifier. For example, the word dukak is used to describe a popular hot beverage. The root is kák, which means “black.” The classifier is du-, which indicates a drinkable liquid.

du-Kák = the popular Rondissian drink.

We see this in the following names known from Rondissian history. Note that in Akman the suffix -ä is used to indicate the proper name of something. The suffix -in is used to indicate an animal, and the suffix -e is used to indicate a place. Finally, the suffix -ya is used in place of a definite article, “the.” Note that in pronunciation a nasal is often included before d, t, k, and g (except ít, ík). It is indicated below with an italicized n.

sa-nDít-ä = Prince Sadita of Rondis.

   sa- = a mammal. Dít = a giant.  meaning: a bear.
   A literal bear would be sadítin (a bear) or sadítinya (the bear).

ka-Sénk-ä = King Kaseka of Rondis (was once betrothed to an Arangothian princess)

   ka- = a land formation.  Sék = a pile.  meaning: mountain.

ka-Némr-e = the Kanemara or Connemara mountain range. [< Nébr]

   ka- = a land formation.  Néb- = to surround in a ring-formation.

pa-Lándr-ä = Princess Palandra of Rondis, who married an Arangothian prince.

   pa- = a woman.  Lád- = to sing.  pa-Ládr- = a female singer.
   pa-Rán = queen (Rán = royal).

di- = a man.

   di-Lándr- = a male singer.
   di-Rán. = king.

da-Bíngr-ä [Darbingray] = name of a Rondissian family.

   da- = a container, box.  Bíg- = to catch, to entrap.

a-nKík-ä = Name of the late King Akika of Rondis.

   a- = a place.  Kík = a defense.  meaning: the fortress.

ra-nKís-ä = Rakisa, the present-day King of Rondis.

   ra- = a human. Kís = a guide or lantern.  meaning: the guide.

ra-nDís = a Rondissian. mi-Líp-in = millipin, the national bird of Rondis.

   mi- = a bird.  Líp = something colorful, bright.
   Someone named for this bird would be Milípä, which is a common name in Rondis.

The vowel of the classifier changes from A to O or from I to U when referring to a collectivity:

  • ra-nDís = a Rondissian.
  • ro-nDís-i = the group of Rondissians, i.e., the kingdom of Rondis (officially Rodísi).
  • mi-Líp-in = a millipin bird.
  • mu-Líp-i = a flock of millipins.
  • ro-Lándr-i = the group of singers.
  • ro-Rán-i = a royal house or lineage.
  • Note that the suffix -i is added to any collective noun.
  • a- / o- = a place.
  • da- / do- = a container, box.
  • di- / du- = a man.
  • ga- / go- = a small object.
  • ka- / ko- = a land formation.
  • la- / lo- = a road or path; a string; anything long and threadlike.
  • mi- / mu- = a bird
  • pa- / po- = a woman.
  • ra- / ro- = a human.
  • sa- / so- = a mammal (not human).
  • sha- / sho- = an abstract noun.

Possessives insert -sh- between the classifier and the root:

  • ra-sh-Dís = of a Rondissian
  • ro-sh-Dís-i = of Rondis.
  • sa-sh-Dít-ä = of Sadita
  • sa-sh-Dít-in = of a bear.
  • ka-sh-Némr-e = of the Kanemara mountain range.

Plurals (not collectives) repeat the classifier.

  • ra-ra-nDís = [several] Rondissians [not necessarily together]
  • sa-sa-nDít-in = [a few] bears, as opposed to
  • so-nDít-i = [a group of] bears.

Irregularity:

  • a-Néb = a market-town.
  • a-ra-Néb = market-towns. But where there is a nasalization:
  • a-nKík = a place.
  • a-na-nKík = places.

The possessive is always introduced after the first instance of the classifier:

  • ra-sh-ra-nDís = of [several] Rondissians.
  • a-sh-a-nKík = of places.
  • Sashsánditin Shalándya = The Song of the Bears.
  • Roshdísi Dishdiránya Sholándi = Collection of Songs about the Kings of Rondis.


Roots

  • bíg = to catch, entrap. daBígr = the house of Darbingray.
  • dág = a swan. miDág-in = a swan. Mishmindágin Akórya, the Sea [or Lake] of Swans.
  • dís = a Rondissian. raDís = a Rondissian.
  • dít. = a giant. saDít-in = a bear.
  • kík = a defense. aKík = a fortress.
  • kís = [something that shows the way?] raKís = a guide. gaKís = a lantern. aKís = guidepost
  • kór = a sea, large body of water. laKórä = name of a major river. aKór = sea.
  • kúl = root of the name roKúlä.
  • lád = to sing. ládr [from * lád] = a singer shaLád = a song. shoLádi = collection of songs.
  • líp = something colorful or bright.
  • néb = to surround in a ring-formation. gaNéb = a ring. némr [from * néb] = the Kanemara mountain range. aNéb = a [circular] marketplace or market-town.
  • nór = [a city?]. aNór = a city. [tár-aNórä = the gateway city, Taranor].
  • núk = . miNúk = a dragon (classified as a bird, note).
  • rán = royal, royalty, monarch. paRán = queen. diRán = king. dishRánya = of the King.
  • sék = a pile. kaSék = a mountain.
  • tár = entryway, door, entrance. aTár = a port [whence the place-name anTárä; alternatively known as Ethkábarä Antárya; Drache is known as Drékirä Antárya]. Tár is often used as an adjective.


Kings of Rondis

  • Ránganébä / Ranganeba [the royal ring] (1946-1973)
  • Minúkä / Minunka
  • Lípakórä [the bright sea] / Lipankora
  • Sadítä Lípashkórä / Sandita
  • Ránatárä Sashdítä [the royal gate] / Ranantara
  • Akíkä Ránashtárä / Ankika (1973-1996), father of Prince Sadítä Ashkíkä, murdered in 1996.
  • Rakísä Ránashtárä / Rankisa (1996-present), brother of Akíkä.


Limbri

Vowels:

  • a - as in hot.
  • á - as in hat.
  • e - as in pet.
  • é - as in date.
  • i - as in pin.
  • í - as in seen.
  • o - as in cup.
  • ó - as in boat.
  • u - as in book.
  • ú - as in toot.